Germination is the first process a seed goes through in its life cycle, and it is important to understand the process of germination, the conditions a seed needs to germinate and how this affects your yCubes so you can optimize germination!
What is Germination?
Germination is a process in which an organism grows from a seed or spore. In this case, this is applied to the sprouting of a seedling from a seed.
A seed contains a new plant, or an embryo, with the outer cover protecting and nourishing the embryo. This seed remains dormant until it is given the growing conditions it needs, and all seeds really need to germinate is the right amount of water, light, humidity and warm temperatures.
As the seed absorbs water, it begins to expand or swell eventually splitting open the seed coat. Once the seed coat is cracked, the root will begin to grow downward to enable the plant to take up water and nutrients. The embryo will then shoot upward as it reaches for the light, and will eventually show the first leaves.
What are the optimal conditions for best sprouting results?
Your Gardyn is already set up to meet the water, light, and temperature and humidity ranges, though they can fluctuate depending on the surrounding environment.
Temperature and humidity:
The optimal conditions for germination is when room temperatures are above 70F and humidity is above 60%.
While not all seeds need light to germinate, the light helps create the warm conditions needed, and will help direct the embryo as it stretches for the light.
The last, and most important condition needed for germination is water. On the Gardyn, the standard pre-set settings are adapted to optimize germination. The yCubes are composed of rock wool which has an extremely high water holding capacity giving the seeds enough water to start the germination process.
While water is vital to start the germination process, too much of it can cause germination issues so it is important not to overwater your yCubes and to keep the pre-set watering schedule to water the seedlings.
Don't add plant food until true leaves emerge
Since the seed coat provides enough nourishment for the germination process, sprouts don’t need any plant food until the true leaves are present! Don’t worry, Kelby will help you manage plant food.
When is a yCube ready to migrate to my Gardyn?
Your plants will need differentiated care. Screen them and wait for true leaves.
Some plants may take longer to sprout than others. For instance, lettuce starts sprouting between 5-10 days whereas peppers usually sprout between 1-2 weeks. Around day 10 of your Gardyn journey,
- If starting your yCubes in a nursery, a yCube is ready to migrate to your Gardyn once the seedlings have developed true leaves.
- If starting your yCubes on your Gardyn, you will remove the yCubes that don't have true leaves and place them in the Gardyn Nursery or a tray until they are ready.
The development of true leaves also means that the yCube is ready for its first taste of plant food!
Be sure to keep the yCubes that do not have developed true leaves in a tray or nursery because they are not ready for plant food! >> Learn more about Plant Food Usage here.
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